Canine Vaginal Speculum Examination

Canine Vaginoscopy
      • Human duckbill that you may get as surplus somewhere do not work well.
      • Anoscope for humans may work OK, but tend to be too large.
      • Commercial canine vaginoscopes work OK, and some have an attached light source.
      • Cut off 3 cc syringe case at the taper and flame the end to smooth it works well in most cases. This kind of works
      • An endoscope with air insufflation works the best or a cystoscope without air will work too. 
      • After many years of teaching these basic techniques, we have come to the conclusion that the only very good effective way to do a vaginal examination is using an endoscope or cystoscope.
      • If you are going to do a vaginal culture, do it before you do a vaginal speculum examination.
      • Open vulvar lips. There is little need to scrub the vulva.
      • Lubricate the speculum with sterile lubricant such as K-Y jelly.
      • Insert the speculum up and over pelvic brim and move cranial.
      • If you need an external light source, have it ready.

    Click on the movie icon, then right click on the movie or"Open It" and "OK" to see
    a Vaginal Speculum Exam performed
      • The vagina is a potential space, so it will collapse at the end of a speculum, unless you are inflating the vagina with air.
      • Examine vaginal wall for color, and wrinkling.
      • Examine the lumen for discharges, anomalies, foreign bodies. Watch carefully as you remove the speculum, because interesting findings may be caudal to the end of the speculum. Also, discharges seen coming from as far in as the speculum will go may or may not be coming from the uterus.
      • Because of the cervical anatomy, you cannot see cervix during a normal vaginal examination!!!! What you are seeing is probably the vaginal walls folding over the end of the vaginoscope.
      • We routinely use a cystoscope to do transcervical insemination in the bitch. With this technique we do see the cervix.

contributed by Bruce E Eilts on 20 August 2002


contributed by Bruce E Eilts on 25 September 2012


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